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Xylocopa spp.

Honey Bee

Xylocopa spp.

Honey bees are environmentally friendly in many ways since they provide honey and wax, and pollinate flowers which produce fruits and seeds. They are not protecting a hive, so they will not attack unless provoked. They will, in fact, enter structures through cracks and build hives in walls. To prevent this do not leave out food, water, or sugary substances.
RISK LEVEL:
LOW
MEDIUM
HIGH
Risk is defined as how much damage each pest can be to you, your family, or your home
Honey Bee
  • Nests are often built around cracks in your home foundation, walls, or near windows.
  • Bees often congregate around garbage cans or any sticky or sweet spills.
Class: Order: Family:
Insecta Hymenoptera Anthophoridae
Size: Honey bee adult worker is 1/2-5/8 in (11-15 mm) long; queen is 5/8-3/4 in (15-20 mm) long. The pointed abdomen extends beyond the wing, and has a smooth stinger. Drones are 5/8 in (15-17 mm) long, with no stingers.
Color: Orange-brown to sometimes black; body covered with pale hairs.
Characteristics: Honey bees have hairy eyes; the first segment of the hind tarsus is enlarged and flattened.
Geographic Range: Around the world
Food: Honey, flower nectar, and a food made from pollen called "bee bread"
Biology: Honey bee workers are females that lay eggs which do not get fertilized and develop into males. A queen lays eggs which do get fertilized and develop into females. Drones are males from unfertilized eggs of the workers. Drones fertilize the queen's eggs. The queen mates once, and can lay 1,500-2,000 eggs in a day. Eggs hatch in 3 days as larvae (grubs). They are first fed "royal jelly", made in the workers' mouths, which is later only fed to future queens. Young workers tend the brood, build the comb, ventilate the hive, guard the entrance. Older workers gather pollen, nectar and "bee glue", a waxy substance from tree buds. Workers live for 5-7 weeks in summer, except ones that develop in autumn and overwinter in the hive. Drones live only a few weeks. Swarming occurs when the colony gets too big, or when the queen begins to fail. Swarms go to a tree branch 1-2 days until finding another hive, hollow tree, or wall, where there is shelter.
honey-bee