Termite Life Cycle

Termites Damaging Wood

Social Insects

Termites live in colonies inside wood or beneath the soil. These communities rely on their members to survive and reproduce. For example, a queen’s lifespan can range up to 20 years, during which, she can lay millions of eggs. On the other hand, the lives of other insects in the colony can be quite different. Details of development and the termite life cycle often depend on the pests’ species and role in the nest.

Subterranean Termite Life Cycle

In spring, homeowners may see flying termites near light sources in their houses. These winged insects, or alates, are leaving the nest to find a mate. They may or may not shed their wings in the process. Successful pairs lay eggs to begin new colonies underground.

After the molting stage of the termite life cycle, nymphs will develop to fit into a caste. They may become workers, soldiers, or reproductives. Each group has different traits that help the colony survive. Roles are assigned depending on the nest’s needs.

Drywood Termite Life Cycle

Drywood termites have a development process similar to the subterranean species, but with a few differences. When swarming, almost all alates shed their wings, while only some subterranean individuals drop theirs. Also, unlike other species, drywood workers can develop into swarmers if vital for reproduction.

Termite Detection and Removal

Homeowners who are aware of the termite life cycle know that the presence of swarmers indicates an active colony. Professional assistance is necessary at this stage of the infestation. The specialists at Western Pest Services can identify and resolve termite problems quickly.